The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 starting from 1887 and ending in 1889 to celebrate centenary year of French Revolution
Eiffel Tower also known as “La dame de fer” (the iron lady)
Named after Gustave Eiffel’s
The Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII of England, inaugurated the tower on March 31, 1889.
A fair “The 1889 Exposition Universelle” exhibited here and it was the main symbol and also the entrance of the fair.
It was the world’s tallest building from 1889 to 1930.
Gustave Eiffel’s selected engineers Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, and architect Stephen Sauvestre to built this monument with in 2 years
Tremendous Controversy among french people aroused about unscrupulous spent of money. and in a petition it was mentioned
We, writers, painters, sculptors, architects and passionate devotees of the hitherto untouched beauty of Paris, protest with all our strength, with all our indignation in the name of slighted French taste, against the erection…of this useless and monstrous Eiffel Tower … To bring our arguments home, imagine for a moment a giddy, ridiculous tower dominating Paris like a gigantic black smokestack, crushing under its barbaric bulk Notre Dame, the Tour Saint-Jacques, the Louvre, the Dome of les Invalides, the Arc de Triomphe, all of our humiliated monuments will disappear in this ghastly dream. And for twenty years … we shall see stretching like a blot of ink the hateful shadow of the hateful column of bolted sheet metal
Gustave Eiffel replied
My tower will be the tallest edifice ever erected by man. Will it not also be grandiose in its way ? And why would something admirable in Egypt become hideous and ridiculous in Paris ?
Eiffel Tower sways in wind and 12 cm from it’s original place was recorded.
It is painted every 7 years with 50 tons of colours
East and south legs straightforward resting on 2 mtrs concrete slabs..
But other two legs are more complicated as those are nearer to river
Seine..each slab needed two piles installed by using compressed-air caissons 15 miters long and 6 miters in diameter driven to a depth of 22 miters to support the concrete slabs, which were 6 miters thick.
Each of these slabs supported a block built of limestone each with an inclined top to bear a supporting shoe for the ironwork. Each shoe was anchored into the stonework by a pair of bolts 10 cm in diameter and 7.5 miters long.
The Eiffel Tower is more than 300 miters high . Its weighs is about 7300 tons. The base of Eiffel Tower is 412 sq. ft wide. It has 1665 steps and three platforms or floors. There are lifts to carry people to the highest.
Enrty fees :–
2 million visitors in first exhibition and first level tickets cost 2 francs and 3 for next level and 5 for top.
Eiffel tower had a permit for only 20 years and it was decided that it would be destroyed after 20 years and for that’s reason it was built in a manner that it could easily demolished. But french government understood that it had enough value for them and also it helped them in first world war to jam the radio network of German .
It’s height increases 15 cm in summer.
Painting cost $5,300,000 and annual electricity bill $400,000
Importances of the tower :–
It is used for radio and television signal transmission antenna in past. 1957, a radio antenna was added to the tower and also used as meteorological recording station.
200,000,000 people visited till 2006, including 6,719,200 in 2006. most-visited paid monument in the world.